Examining Priesthood – Notes/Study Sheet
(I Peter 2:5-6)
* Priest – mediator who stands between man and God.
* Part of nearly every society since Creation. Melchizedek was a priest (Gen. 14:18).
* Sin is a reality (Rom. 2:14-15; I Jn. 1:10).
* Priesthood role indicates man feels unable to atone for his sins.
1. Priests of the Patriarchy
* Patriarch means –
* Noah –
* Abram -
* Job –
* Moses –
2. Priests of the Aaronic Priesthood
* Under Mosaic dispensation, priests were required to come from Aaron’s lineage.
* Aaron and his sons priests (Num. 3:10).
* Only High Priest could enter Holy of Holies on Atonement day (Lev. 16:1).
* One main purpose of the priesthood was to __________________________________________________________.
* Those w/deformities forbidden to be priests (Lev. 21:17-23).
* Priests underwent consecration ceremonies (Ex. 29: Lev. 8-9).
3. Preparation was made for the coming of the Great High Priest.
* Jesus would serve as Priest and King, as did others in the Bible (Melchizedek).
* Jesus’ reign heavenly. He didn’t meet the qualifications to be an earthly king (Heb. 8:4; 7:14).
* Mosaic priesthood preparatory in nature (Heb. 10:1).
* Parts of the Mosaic system pictured the Christian system.
* Old Testament prepared the way for our High Priest
* Christians today are priests. This occurs at the point of baptism.
* All New Testament Christians are priests (Rom. 12:1; Phil. 2:17; 4:18; Heb. 13:15-16; I Pet. 2:5).
* Jesus Christ is High Priest (Heb. 3:1; 4:14) who mediates on our behalf (Heb. 2:17; I Tim. 2:5).
* God’s children referred to as priests in New Testament (I Pet. 2:5& 9; Rev. 1:6; 5:10; 20:6).
4. False ideas about priesthood.
* Catholic idea –
* Mormonism –
* Melchizedek priesthood belongs to Christ and no other (Heb. 7:24).
* Aaronic priesthood null today because it was part of the law of Moses, abolished by Christ (Eph. 2:15; Col 2:14).
* Premillennial speculation that Aaronic priesthood is “to be resumed nationally, on behalf of Gentiles, in the Millennial
Kingdom” false. The “proof” (Isa. 61:6; 66:21) refers to the Christian dispensation.
R.W. McAlister 11/23/08 p.m.